Achacha

Place name meaning
Achacha- Achadh a’ chadha –field of the path. (2 p. 66 ) (possibly not reliable)
( Depending on whether the ‘a’ is long or short, it could be achadh a chàtha=winnowing field or achadh a catha=field of the skirmish or battle. Cadha could also refer to a narrow pass or ravine at the foot of a slope. Another possibility is a corruption of Achadh nan Gall-the field of the non-speakers of Gaelic i.e. Norsemen)

spelling variants

  • Achaha
  • Achacha
  • Auchacha
  • Acha
  • Auchaw

Achacha is up over the hill from where the Sea Life centre is now, over looking Loch Creran.
In the past this was an area of land much used in trading by the Campbells of Barcaldine.

It has clearly been an area of significant importance to Man from the very early days as there are a number of ancient monuments in the area.

Standing Stone: OS Grid Reference – NM 944 407 - https://megalithix.wordpress.com/2008/09/12/achacha/

from Scotlandsplaces.gov.uk https://scotlandsplaces.gov.uk/digital-volumes/ordnance-survey-name-books/argyll-os-name-books-1868-1878/argyll-volume-01/32
They are said to mark the site of a conflict between the clans McDougall & Grant, and the stone is said to mark the site of "The Grants" grave who was slain in the battle.

Achacha NM94SW 9 [STANDING STONE] http://canmore.rcahms.gov.uk/en/site/23330/

map shows path about 100m W of Sea Life carpark entry, going S, passing to your right (40m) Tobar Chlium-chille (a well) and in 250m a Cairn and standing stone
NM94SW 9 9444 4075.
(NM 9444 4075) Standing Stone (NR).
About 80 metres east of the cairn NM94SW 8, is a standing stone. Aligned approximately E-W, it measures 0.65 by 0.33 metres at base and is 2.5 metres high. The stone rises with a taper to a slightly rounded top.
RCAHMS 1975.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 scale.
Visited by OS (WDJ) 28 April 1970.

image from Canmore page
6944305263.jpgJust beyond the Standing stone, there is a stone circle /cairn
http://www.megalithic.co.uk/modules.php?op=modload&name=a312&file=index&do=showpic&pid=87101
From the wonderful Megalithic site
P1040465.JPGaaaaaaaa.jpg
in the same area is a well dedicated to St Columba.

Achacha is not separately marked on the 1654 Blaeu map beside Achinreir, but further "west" is an Achnagagha, which is most likely Achacha
But it is mentioned in the Hearth Tax of the same time as part of Barcaldine lands
https://scotlandsplaces.gov.uk/digital-volumes/historical-tax-rolls/land-tax-rolls-1645-1831/land-tax-rolls-argyll-volume-02/32
…. (no separate Markland note) Teinds of Achacha One pound fourteen shills. [shillings] & ten pence £1.14.10
//compared with next door Auchinrier : 6 marklands Achinrear Sixteen pounds Seventeen Shillings £16.17.0
However it is mentioned in a number of documents in the listed below

Diarmid Campbells History of the Campbells of Inverawe includes a chapter (opens as a pdf) that has fascinating history of Achacha, when it was the family home of some of Inverawe and Barcaldine CAmpbell family members in the 1600s and 1700s
Further documents and records illustrate the "decline" into being the home of tenant farmers thence to crofters and blacksmiths.
It is identified on a number of maps but not until the 1800s when it was already tenanted out.
The property did seem to be have been traded quite a bit .. and it would be really interesting to learn how much property exactly the 3 / 4 / 6 merklands value cover on the ground.

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/24 Bonds of Manrent, Fosterage and Respite 1538-1710
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/24/1
Title Bonds of manrent, Fosterage and respite
Dates 1538-1710
Access status Open
1660, March 27
Bond of manrent by Duncan McDonill VcDonchie VcEntire in Glenno, Malcolm McEanduy VcGillichreist VcEntire in Inverliver in Glenetive, John McOlchallum VcEane VcDoinel in Glenketelin and Donald McEanduy VcDonill in Achnaba, Gillipatrik McGillespik VcEane VcDonchie in Achnacreive, John Du McNicoll VcGillipatrik in Stron Milachane, Molcallum McOlchallum Roy in Achnaba, Gillepatrik McDonchie Duy in Barbrek Lochow, John Du McGillechallum VcEane VcDonchie in Achacha, Molchallum McGillipatrik VcEanduy in Achannba, John McGillipatrik VcEane, John McEane VcGillichallum in Lagnaha, John McNicoll VcEane Glais in Ardeachaine, Torquil McEane VcDonche, John Du McDonche VcEan VcDonchie, Donald McGillipatrik, John McEntyre in Crag in Bradalbin, and Donald McGillipatrik in Bar, for themselves and for all descended and to be descended of their loins and loins of their successors, and those descended of loins of Gillipatrik McDonill VcEntyre who took division in Lorne from the laird of Glenurchay, and for all those of their race that shall hereafter subscribe this bond, all those of surname of McEntire renew bond and tie of service and manrent due to the lairds of Glenurchay, to John Campbell, younger, of Glenurchay, conform to tenor of first bond.

1687
SC54 Inveraray Sheriff Court 1499-1910
SC54/20 Commissioners of Supply for Argyll 1658-1818
SC54/20/8 Documents relating to the Valuation Roll of 1688. 1687
SC54/20/8/2 Ardchattan (Ballivodan) and Muckairn. 1687
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference SC54/20/8/2/8
Title Rental of John Campbell of Auchaw.
Dates 26 Aug 1687
Access status Open
Location Off site
Description The lands of Achachaw (Achacha) and Barnamuck (Barnamuc) in the parish of Ballevodan.
Level Item
Previous numbers SC54/22/6/9

1694
GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/27 Law Papers 1579-1902
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/27/24
Title Law Papers
Dates 1688-1694
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Including:
16. Extract interdiction by Archibald Campbell, eldest son and apparent heir of John Campbell of Achacha, to John, earl of Breadalbane, and others, 16 March 1694.
Reg. B of C and S, 28 March 1694.

1695
SC54 Inveraray Sheriff Court 1499-1910
SC54/17 Argyll Justiciary Court 1664-1748
SC54/17/2 Argyll Justiciary Court: Processes 1664-1748
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference SC54/17/2/20/14
Title The Procurator Fiscal and Robert Campbell in Achacha (Ardchattan and Muckairn) agt John mc Kian vc Allan, Donald mc Neill vc Conochie vc Neill and Alexander MacLachlan in Resipole (Ardnamurchan), Kenneth mc Dowell vc Lauchlan in Ranachanastrone (Ardnamurchan) and John mc Kenich vc Dowill vc Lauchlane alias Cameron in Acharacle (Ardnamurchan)
Dates 16/02/1695
Access status Open
Location Off site
Description Accused of Theft of three mares. Guilty. In respect of the depositions of witnesses To pay 8 pounds each for the mares and 100 merks expenses.

1696

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/6
Title Bond by John Campbell of Achacha to Archibald Campbell of Inveraw for 144 merks scots
Dates 22 Jul 1696
Access status Open
Location On site
Level File

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/7
Title Bond of corroboration by John Campbell of Achacha of bond by Archibald Campbell, his eldest son, to Donald Dow, grieve to the Earl of Breadalbane in Taymouth, for £182:14:8d. scots
Dates 22 Jul 1696
Access status Open
Location On site
Level File

1698

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/8
Title Memorandum anent Achacha his Rentall and the Conditioune of his Interest in this present year 1698
Dates 1698
Access status Open
Location On site
Level File
Extent 3 items

1699

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/9
Title Discharge by Archibald Campbell of Inveraw to Archibald Campbell, son to, and Anna Campbell, relict, John Campbell of Achacha, as to teinds and vicarage crop 1698 and preceding
Dates 15 Mar 1699
Access status Open
Location On site

1690s

GD112/2/1/15 Assignation by Archibald Campbell of Inveraw, Castle Kelchorne, in favour of John, Earl of Breadalbane, of:
1. Bond for £438:5:4d. scots dated 8 June 1694 by John Campbell of Acha and Archibald Campbell, his son.
2. Bond for 144 merks scots of 22 July 1696.
3. Bond by Archibald Campbell of Achacha of 10 May 1699 for £132 scots.
Provides that said bonds may be security only on lands of Acha and Carnamuck disponed on 11 May 1699 at Castle Kelchorne by said Archibald Campbell to said Earl 15 May 1699 This record is Open.

1699

GD112/2/1/16 Obligation by Archibald Campbell of Inveraw, Castle Kelchorne, to deliver up to John, earl of Breadalbane, bond granted by Archibald Campbell, fiar of Acha, for £132 scots dated 10 May 1699 to which he had granted assignation 15 May 1699

GD112/2/1/13 Obligation by Archibald Campbell of Inveraw, Castlekelchurn, that, whereas John, earl of Breadalbane, has delivered up to him bond for 800 merks to Archibald Campbell, sometime of Acha, as remainder of price of his lands, he shall have no further responsibility for his maintenance as in bond dated at Castlekelchurne on 13 May 1699 15 May 1699 This record is Open.

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/18
Title Extract disposition (reg. B.C. & S. 12 July 1707) by Archibald Campbell of Achacha, Castellkellchurne
Dates 24 May 1699
Access status Open
Location On site
Description With consent of his interdictors (Archibald Campbell of Inneraw, Duncan Campbell, his brother, Dougall Campbell of Stronacharmick and Alexander Campbell of Clonmachrie) and his maternal uncle, Colin Campbell, sheriff clerk of Argyll, to John, earl of Breadalbane, of 6 merklands of Auchacha and 4 merklands of Barnamuck, parish of Ballevadan, lordship of Lorne, Argyll, saving to James Stewart of Fassnacleigh his wadset of Barnamuck, to Anna Campbell, his mother, widow of John Campbell of Auchacha, her liferent of half Auchacha and a quarter of Barnamuck, and to Janet Campbell, widow of Lauchlan Campbell of Auchacha, elder brother to said John Campbell, and now wife to Archibald McKorquodale of Phantilands, her liferent of the other half of Auchacha and quarter of Barnamuck.
Writer, Alexander Campbell, notary public.
Witnesses, Duncan Toshach of Monyvaird,
Alexander Campbell of Barkaldine, Donald Campbell, baillie of Muckairne, Archibald Campbell of Skinderlands and Alexander Campbell of Glenmakrie.

1704

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/616
Title Letter from Colin Campbell [who signs himself "Your affectionate Brother"] and Marjorie Campbell to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine, elder.
Dates 15 Aug 1704
Access status Open
Location On site1
Description Dated at Acha.
Empowering Barcaldine to bargain with "Ladie Susan" who (they think) will buy the said Marjorie's jointure outright rather than pay the required sum yearly. The suggested price is 4,000 merks minimum.
Level File

1702

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/22
Title Assignation by Anna Campbell, Inveraray, widow of John Campbell of Achacha, narrating that by marriage-contract 31 December 1657 she had liferent right to half of 6 merklands of Achacha and quarter of 4 merklands of Barnamuck, parish of Balleivodan, lordship of Lorne, Argyll-shire, and that John, earl of Breadalbane has purchased said right for 1200 merks scots, and therefore assigning rents etc.
Dates 29 Apr 1702
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Written by Archibald Campbell, servant to Colin Campbell, Sheriff-clerk of Argyll. Subscribed by Colin Campbell and Archibald Turnor, notaries.
Witnesses, John Campbell, brother to Alexander Campbell of Glenmacrie, John Colquhoun and Alexander Kennedie, servants to Duke of Argyll, and John McKellear, son to John McKellear in Maam.

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/23
Title Obligation by Alexander Campbell of Clanemakrie to John, earl of Breadalbane, as to warranting rights of Anna Campbell, widow of [John] Campbell of Achacha, as to rents of Achacha
Dates 20 May 1702
Access status Open
Location On site

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/25
Title Contract of wadset by John, Earl of Breadalbane and Holland, Taymouth and Edinburgh, and John, Lord Glenorchy, to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine
Dates 7-10 Jul 1707
Access status Open2
They therefore wadset to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine for 5000 merks the 4 merklands of Auchnacroish and 4 merklands of Barnamuck in parishes of Kilmaluag and Ballevaodan, lordship of Lorne, Argyle-shire, with superplus duty of £60 scots payable out of wadset lands of Achacha and Achinryer, parish of Ballivaodan, and of 40 merks scots payable out of wadset lands of Barnamuck, repayable at Whitsunday 1712. If Patrick Campbell redeems wadset of Barnamuck from James Stewart etc this to be redeemable from him for 2000 merks at Whitsunday 1714.

1707

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/1 Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire 1530-1719
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1/20
Title Contract of wadset between John, Earl of Breadalbane, Castlekelchurne, and Patrick Campbell, eldest son of late Donald Campbell, wadsetter of Innerynan Easter
Dates 30 Apr 1707
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Narrates wadset 1 June 1674 by said Earl, then John Campbell, younger of Glenorchy, to Donald Campbell, for 3700 merks scots of 4 merklands of Innerynan Easter and 4 merklands of Nether Fernoch. Also bond of eik 8 January 1678 by said Earl, then John, Earl of Caithness, for further 3800 merks scots. Now by way of excambion grants to said Patrick Campbell wadset right for 7500 merks to 6 merklands of Achacha and 6 merkland of Achinryre, parish of Balleveodan, lordship of Benderloch, Argyle-shire, saving tack to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine of 6 merklands of Achinryre, redemption not to take place within 15 years.
Written by Patrick Campbell, one of the parties.
Witnessed by Duncan Toshach of Monievaird and Alexander Chrystie, chamberlain to Earl of Breadalbane.

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/792
Title Letter from Barcaldine to John Campbell, merchant in Inveraray
Dates 1720-1721
Access status Open3
Location On site
Description Dated at Acha.
1720, September 5. Requesting dispatch to him of four pairs women's white gloves - "the best you have" - and some green and black silk.
1721, April 12. Apologising for delay in settling debts, and promising to remit £10 sterling within eight days. Asks for "a gang of good strong large horss shoes, such as yow used to send my father for his horss …
Level File
Extent 3 letters

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/8 Ardeonaig, Parish of Kenmore, Perthshire 1613-1769
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/8/100
Title Disposition and assignation by Donald McNokaird in Ardconnell, Achacha, in Lorn as cousin once removed and heir male to Patrick Sinclair alias McNokaird, Gentleman of HM Horse Lifeguards, in favour of Patrick Campbell, writer in Edinburgh, of rights as heir to said Patrick Sinclair, particularly to bond by John, earl of Breadalbane, or John, Lord Glenorchy, his son, for about £60 sterling
Dates 18 Mar 1707
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Written by Duncan Campbell, notary in Lorn. Witnessed by Patrick Campbell, younger of Barcaldine, James Campbell, his brother, Duncan Toshich, wright in Achacha, and John McLauchlane, tenant in Coulcharron. Executed notarially by writer and Alexander Steuart, notary public.

1720s

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/266
Title Tacks
Dates 1721-1737
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Note: tacks are set by Patrick Campbell of Barcaldine unless otherwise stated.
1. 1721, February 24
Tack to Mary Campbell, Barcaldine's mother, of half 6 merkland of Acha, for 3 years.
2. 1725, September 7
Tack to Mary Campbell, Barcaldine's mother, of 6 merkland of Acha for 7 years, with agreement between said Mary and John Campbell [later of Barcaldine], her grandchild. [3 documents.]
3. 1726, February 2

1733

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/75 Titles to Land Including Heritable Securities 1306-1836
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/75/89
Title Minute of agreement between John, earl of Breadalbane, and John, lord Glenorquhy, his son, on the one hand, and Patrick Campbell of Barcalden, on the other hand, about the disposition of lands of Achacha and Auchenryre
Dates 10 Aug 1733
Access status Open
Location On site

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/69
Title Memorandum re purchase of reversion of lands of Achacha and others
Dates 10 Aug 1733
Access status Open
Location On site
Level File

1734

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/71
Title Copy bond by John, earl of Breadalbane, and John, lord Glenorchy, to enter Patrick Campbell of Barcaldine and his heirs in lands of Achacha and Achinryre
Dates [11 Feb 1734]
Access status Open

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/72
Title Extract contract of excambion between John, lord Glenorchie, with consent of John, earl of Breadalbane, his father, and Patrick Campbell of Barcaldine
Dates 1734
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1734, February 16, March 12. Whereby said Patrick dispones to said earl in liferent and said John, lord Glenorchie, in fee, half lands of Ardeonane alias Ardeonag (specified) in lordship of Edenkillie, by annexation in lordship of Desheor and Toyer, sheriffdom of Perth, in excambion for lands of Achacha and Auchinryre, in parish of Ballwoaden, lordship of Lorn, sheriffdom of Argyll, wadset by deceased John, lord Breadalbane, to Patrick Campbell, son of Donald Campbell of Inverinan. Reg. B.C.S. 19 November 1734.

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/74
Title Note of papers relating to lands of Achacha and Ardeonaig delivered to Barcaldine
Dates 27 Feb 1734
Access status Open
GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/76 Additional MSS from Dundas and Wilson, CS 1473-1923
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/76/82
Title Inventory of writs of half lands of Ardeonane alias Ardanag, disponed by Patrick Campbell of Barcaldine to John, earl of Breadalbane, and John, lord Glenorchy, in fee, in excambion of lands of Achacha and others
Dates 16 Feb-12 Mar 1734
Access status Open
Location On site

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/787
Title Letter from James Campbell of Raray to Barcaldine, his brother
Dates 1729-1738
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Dated at Clachansale, Inveraray.
1733, September 8. Narrating his efforts to collect money on recipient's behalf. "… I am glad to understand you've gott the reversion of Acha and Achinrayre as alsoe the Earl's fearm lands in Lessmore …"

1734
GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/8 Ardeonaig, Parish of Kenmore, Perthshire 1613-1769
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/8/137
Title Note of deeds signed by Earl of Breadalbane and to be signed by Lord Glenorchy as to purchase of Ardeonaig and sale of Achacha
Dates 11-16 Feb 1734
Access status Open
Location On site

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/8 Ardeonaig, Parish of Kenmore, Perthshire 1613-1769
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/8/138
Title Note of papers signed by Earl of Breadalbane to be signed by Lord Glenorchy as to Ardeonaig and Achacha
Dates 16 Feb 1734
Access status Open
Location On site

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
GD112/2/8 Ardeonaig, Parish of Kenmore, Perthshire 1613-1769
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/8/141
Title Note as to execution by Lord Glenorchy, London, of deeds [as to purchase of Ardeonaig and sale of Achacha]
Dates 12 Mar 1734
Access status Open
Location On site

1735
GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/75
Title Declaration by Patrick Campbell of Barcaldine that John, earl of Breadalbane, and John, lord Glenorchy, his son, have disponed to him and John and Colin Campbell, his sons, lands of Achacha, Auchinryer, Auchinacroish, Killean, Ballygrundall, and Tirewan, office of baliery, in sheriffdom of Argyll, in excambion for lands of Ardeonaig, discharging said earl and his son of minute of sale, 10 August 1733
Dates 20 Jan 1735
Access status Open

1743

CC2 Argyll Commissary Court 1671-1825
CC2/13 Warrants of Deeds 1705-1795
CC2/13/10 Warrants of Deeds 1742-1747
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference CC2/13/10/25
Title Protested bill accepted by James White, joiner in Achaha, and protested by John Corsar wright in Inveraray.
Dates 08 Nov 1743
Access status Open
Location Off site
Level File

1771

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/296
Title Rent and other payments by tenants, tacks etc.
Dates 1737-1777
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1. General. 1744-77. [30 documents.]5
(3) Tack 1771, March -, to Patrick Doune in Acha of 6 merkland of Acha in parish of Ardchattan, for 15 years.

1775

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/1905
Title Letter from Duncan McIntyre to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine, advocate.
Dates 27 Feb 1775
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Has found tenants for Acha, Glenure and Elerig, if the rent asked is not more than £60. Dated at Achinraire.
Level File

Repairs in the 1700s

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/381
Title Building, house repairs
Dates 1749-1782
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1. Acha. 1775-81. [2 documents.]

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/473/1
Title Justices of the Peace Petitions
Dates 1786-1794
Access status Open

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/484
Title Mills
Dates 1787-1796
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1. Waulkmilne at Achacha. 1787-91. [11 documents.] // a cloth-fulling mill //

1786

4. 1786, September 7 - December 15
Petition of Donald Thomson in Achacha to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine and Patrick Campbell of Ardchattan, J.P.s, for payment to petitioner of money owed to him by John Sinclair, crofter in Achnacrimore, containing warrant and execution. [4 documents.]

1787

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/1732
Title Letter from William Campbell to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine, advocate.
Dates 1781-1797
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1787, April 26. Barcaldine. Agrees to take a quarter of lands of Acha at a higher rent than the other tenants if Barcaldine gives £50 or steelbow cattle to the same value. Dated at Brackly etc.
Level File
Extent 12 letters

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/2069
Title Letter from Donald Turner, S.S.P.C.K. schoolmaster at Muckairn, to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine, advocate.
Dates 1775-1793
Access status Open
1787, December 5. Complains that the heifers of a neighbouring tenant in Achacha 'are remarkably vicious in leaping dicks', and have eaten all the kail and straw in writer's garden
Dated at Ferlochan, Keill

1788

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/1906
Title Letter from Duncan McIntyre and Peter Sinclar, Acha, to Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine, advocate.
Dates 20 Jan 1788
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Reminding Barcaldine that he has promised them the park of Ferlochan. Dated at Rugarve.
Level File

1797

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/488
Title Rent, other payments by tenants, tacks, etc.
Dates 1771-1800
Access status Open
Location On site
Description 1. General.
(a) 1772-89
(b) 1790-1800
(c) n.d.
29. 1797, January 19
Offer by Barcaldine to James McDiamid at Acha, offering him farm of Acha for 11 years, containing acceptance.
35. 1800, March 1
Copy tack by Alexander Campbell of Barcaldine with consent of Mary Campbell, his spouse, to James McDiarmid, tenant in Achaw, of lands of Inverergen, Condalich and others for 9 years. [2 copies.]

1801

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/2903
Title Letter from John McIlireach, Glendow, to Duncan Campbell, factor to Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine, 1st bt.
Dates 1801
Access status Open
Location On site
Description January 17. Offers for Achacha or Cuilcharran.
March 3. John McIlirach and Patrick Sinclair.
Making an offer for Achnareir and Acha.
Dated at Appin, Dalfour.
Level File
Extent 2 letters

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/3198
Title Letter from Malcolm Clark, mason, Oban, to Mr. Campbell, Baliveolan, and Duncan Campbell, factor to Barcaldine.
Dates 24 May 1808
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Makes an offer for building bridges at Achacha and Aultgarrich. Dated at Oban.
Level File

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/564
Title Petitions
Dates 1803-1832
Access status Open
Location On site
10. 1818, July 4
Opinion of Barcaldine in dispute between widow McDonald in Aucha and Dugald Cunningham in Fierlochan, anent a mare strangled by carelessness of said Dugald.
13. (1824)
Petition of widow McInver, Acha, to Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine, asking for her share in what was left by her spouse.

1818

CC2 Argyll Commissary Court 1671-1825
CC2/8 Edicts of Executry and Curatory 1705-1825
CC2/8/123 Edicts 1818
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference CC2/8/123/15
Title Duncan Thomson crofter at Achaha (Achacha)
Dates 25 Sep 1818
Access status Open
Location Off site
Level File
Related material CC2/7/71/4

1823

CC2 Argyll Commissary Court 1671-1825
CC2/7 Petitions 1685-1825
CC2/7/71 Petitions 1823
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference CC2/7/71/4
Title Petition by John Thomson, tenant on the lands of Barcaldine, as executor testamentar, for licence to pursue for payment of the debts due to the deceased Duncan Thomson, his father, sometime tenant in Culcharron, thereafter crofter at Auchacha (Achacha). Granted.
Dates 13 November 1823
Access status Open
Location Off site
Level File
Related material CC2/8/123/15

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/2842
Title Letter from John MacDiarmid to Elizabeth Dennistoun, wife of Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine, 1st bt.
Dates 1 Sep 1823
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Hopes she will use her influence with writer's landlord, Barcaldine, to get writer a good croft to support his wife and family. Dated at Achacha.

1824

CC2 Argyll Commissary Court 1671-1825
CC2/7 Petitions 1685-1825
CC2/7/72 Petitions 1824
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference CC2/7/72/1
Title Petition by John Thomson, son of the defunct and Angus Thomson, his brother, crofter in Glasdrum, as executors testamentar, for licence to pursue for payment of the debts due to the deceased Duncan Thomson, sometime tenant in Culcharron, thereafter crofter at Auchacha (Achacha). Granted.
Dates 13 February 1824
Access status Open
Location Off site
Level File
Related material CC2/8/123/15

1825

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/568
Title Papers re rent and other payments by tenants, tacks and offers
Dates 1800-1832
Access status Open
Location On site7
Description 1. Acha. Includes scroll tack to Alexander and John McPherson, 1825, for 13 years. 1816-25. [6 documents.]

GD112 Papers of the Campbell Family, Earls of Breadalbane (Breadalbane Muniments) 1306-20th century
GD112/2 Titles to Particular Lands 1398-1907
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD112/2/1
Title Achacha in Parish of Ardchattan, Argyllshire
Dates 1530-1719
Access status Open
Location On site
Level Sub-series

1828

GD170 Papers of the Campbell Family of Barcaldine 1539-1961
Country code GB
Repository code 234
Repository National Records of Scotland
Reference GD170/2650
Title Letter from Nicol Munro, writer, to Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine, 1st b.t.
Dates 7 Mar 1828
Access status Open
Location On site
Description Has been requested by Dugald Munro to apply to Barcaldine for payment doe to him for building a house on Barcaldine's farm of Achacha. Dated at Inveraray.

Thomson includes Achaha in his Atlas of Scotland in 1832

1841 Census
Auchaw
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 3; Line: 710; Year: 1841
Don McIntyre 55 Crofter
Christy McIntyre 51
Catherine McIntyre 15
Elizabeth McIntyre 1
Robina White 1

John McKenzie 48
Mary McKenzie 30
Duncan McKenzie 11
John McKenzie 1
Sally McKenzie 6

Elizh McPherson 35 cottar
Margt Carmichael 10
Peter Carmichael 7
Chrisley Carmichael 4

Ann McKieterson 45 Cottar
Euphemia McKiehin 50

John McPherson 90 Farmer
Margaret McPherson 80
Alex McPherson 55
Catherine McPherson 33
Margaret McPherson 4
Alexander McPherson 2
Peter McPherson 40
Alexr Carmichael 11
Margt Stewart 25 FS
Elizabeth Grant 25 FS
Mary McMillan 25 FS
Hugh Mccoll 15 MS

Achinrier

1845 Widow Drummond had been receiving support as a Third Class Pauper by the parochial board, but was recorded as dead in October

1851 Census
Dalronach
McPherson Donald Head M M 35 Wood Forester ARL Ardchattan
McPherson Mary Wife M F 28 - ARL Kilchattan
McPherson John Son U M 5 - DNB New Kilpatrick
McPherson Alexander Son U M 2 - ARL Ardchattan
Rowan Allan Brolaw U M 37 Wood Forester ARL Kilchattan

Auchaw
Cunningham Neil Head M M 31 Crofter of 8 acres & Ag. Labourer ARL Ardchattan
Cunningham Rachel Wife M F 29 - ARL Lismore
Cunningham Betty Dau U F 8 Scholar ARL Ardchattan
Cunningham Mary Dau U F 5 - ARL Ardchattan
Cunningham Robert Son U M 2 - ARL Ardchattan
Cunningham Sibella Dau U F 1 - ARL Ardchattan

Dalronach
McDonald Ann Head W F 75 - ARL Kilmore

1861 census
Acha (Achn in Ancestry)
Jean Carmichael 60 Stocking knitter all Ardchattan
Mary Patterson 33 Daughter, Labourer
Alexander Kennedy 4 grandson
John Kennedey 1 Grandson
Effy McKichan 75 Pauper blind
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 5; Line: 1; Roll: CSSCT1861_69

Betty Cunningham 79 Widow Labourer Ardchattan
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 5; Line: 6; Roll: CSSCT1861_69

Hugh Cameron 55 widow Weaver Morvern
Catherine Cameron 23 unm daught Domestic servant Morvern

Peter Mcintyre 40 Mason Kilchrenan
Isabella Mcintyre 40
Anabella Mcintyre 14
Ann Mcintyre 12 Ardchattan
Archibald Mcintyre 7
Catherine Mcintyre 5
Isabella Mcintyre 2
Donald Mcintyre 19 Brother Mason Muckairn
Colin Sinclair 40 Boarder Mason Muckairn

Slochd an Luaidhe

Achacha is very visible on the 1871 OS map, with a number of significant buildings.
Its description in the 1870s Scotlandsplaces gives little in comparison to the number of households in the 1871 census

ACHACHA Acha
Mr Campbell Schoolmaster
William Hossack Esq. Factor
Admiralty Chart
New Statistical Accounts 073
A crofter's dwelling with byre &c. on the estate of Barcaldine

1871 Census

Achacha Croft
Duncan Cunningham 56 chelsea pensionner Penisoner Late 42nd Regt Ardchattan CP & butler at Achinrier the census before!
Christina Cameron Cummingham 40
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 4; Line: 14; Roll: CSSCT1871_89

Name: Sergeant Duncan Cunningham
Enlistment Age: 24
Discharge Age: 46
Birth Date: abt 1815
Birth Place: Ardetlattan, Argyle
Enlistment Year: 1839
Discharge Year: 1861
Regiment: 42nd Re Hs REG. OF Infantry
Regimental Number: 1280
The National Archives; Kew, London, England; Reference Number: WO 97

Achacha Croft
John Hall 40 Ag Lab Appin
Ann Hall 42
Thomas Hall 13
William Hall 10
Mina Hall 7
Joan Hall 3
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 4; Line: 17; Roll: CSSCT1871_89

Achacha Croft
Hugh Cameron 91 Wool weaver Morvern
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 7; Line: 20; Roll: CSSCT1871_89
1881 Census
Achacha Farm House
John Livingston 29 Morvern G, Argyll Shepherd
Marion Livingston 30 Clyne G, Sutherlandshire
Allan Livingston 2
George Livingston Under 1 Mo
Donald Livingston 4
Chirsty Livingston 56 Mother Farmer's Widow
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 1; Line: 15; Roll: cssct1881_149

1881 census
Duncan Cunningham 69 Chelsea pensioner
Christena Cunningham 50
Archibald Cunningham 65 Brother General Serv. Domestic
Peter Sinclair 8 boarder
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 1; Line: 9; Roll: cssct1881_149

Achacha Farmhouse
John Livingston 29 Shepherd
Marion Livingston 30
Allan Livingston 2
George Livingston Under 1 Mo
Donald Livingston 4
Chirsty Livingston 56 Farmers widow

Achacha Croft
John McKenzie 64 labourer and crofter
Ann McKenzie 58
Ann McKenzie 16 general servant

1891 Census
William Allan 44 Shepherd Ardchattan
Christina Allan 46
James Allan 10
Aggie Allan 8
Bessey Allan 7
Jessie Allan 5
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 3; Line: 12; Roll: CSSCT1891_164

John Ferguson 33 Farm Servant Ardchattan
Eliza Ferguson 31
Archibald Ferguson 10
Mary Ferguson 8
Andrew Ferguson 6
Margaret Ferguson 1
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 3; Line: 19; Roll: CSSCT1891_164

Duncan Cunningham 70 Farm labourer, Ardchattan
Ann Cunningham 50 wife
Mary Cunningham 73 sister, widow
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 4; Line: 3; Roll: CSSCT1891_164

1901 Census
Parish: Ardchattan; ED: 2; Page: 6; Line: 13; Roll: CSSCT1901_176
5 rooms with windows
Donald Mcphail 51 Blacksmith, Torosay, Mull
Sarah Mcphail 45 Torosay, Mull
Allen Mcphail 14 Herd, Appin, Argyllshire
Hugh Mcphail 12
John Mcphail 9
Sandy Mcphail 7 Appin, Argyllshire

separate household as lodgers
George Mcaulay 21 Railway Navvy, Breasclet, rossshire
Neil Mcarthur 22 Railway Navvy, Breasclet, rossshire
John Mcleod 19 Railway Navvy, Cross Ness, rossshire

4 rooms with windows
Hugh Mccoll 56 Gamekeeper Glasgow
Ann Mccoll 50 Glencoe
Duncan Mccoll 18 Estate Worker Glenkinglass
Johann Mccoll 14 Scholar Glenkinglass
Hughina Mccoll 12
Catherine Mccoll 11
Ewen A Mccoll 9
Alexander Mccoll 7
Gaven G C Mccoll 3
Duncan Mccoll 11 Nephew Creagan na Mean
separate household as lodgers
D J Mcdonald 24 Railway labourer Breasclet, rossshire
Angus Mciver 19 Railway labourer Breasclet, rossshire
Donald Mcaulay 18Railway labourer Breasclet, rossshire

1911 Census
http://ardchattan.org.uk/gallery/picture.php?/122/category/23
Donald McPhail 1911 - age 60 gaelic and english - Blacksmith, worker, born Torosay, Mull
Sarah McPhail, age 54 G&E .. married for 29 years 5 children all living, born Torosay, Mull
Allan McPhail, age 24, G&E, single, Joiner, born Appin
Alexander McPhail, age 18 G&E, single, Shepherd, born Appin
Achacha, 5 rooms with windows.

Donald McPhail born Torosay, Mull, 1850 - died Fasnacloich, buried Achnaba
Alexander McPhail (known as Sandy), born Appin 1893 - died 1970, buried Achnaba

Clearly from the documents and the Inverawe archives these were possibly even more significant in the 1600s.

In the present day the forestry commission run the lands, and it has been recently clear felled (2014) exposing the topography again for a brief while. it would be wonderful to get an experienced drone operator to cover this ground to see what has been now exposed
Here is a modern forestry map http://scotland.forestry.gov.uk/images/corporate/design-plans/west-argyll/barcaldine/barcaldine-neighbouring-landuse-map.pdf
The Sustrans route now runs through the lower parts of the land
The forestry cottages that were built in the early 1900's are mostly gone, bar one that is can be found by following the road to Lochandubh kennels from the Salach glen road.


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