24 April – American Revolutionary War: North Channel Naval Duel: Scottish-born John Paul Jones in the USS Ranger (1777) captures HMS Drake (1777) in the North Channel off Carrickfergus. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/1778_in_Scotland
15 May – 78th Regiment of Foot raised by Kenneth Mackenzie, 1st Earl of Seaforth, at Elgin.[1] In Summer, there is a brief "Mutiny of MacRaes" at Edinburgh.
28 May – Recruiting Act 1778, applying only to London and Scotland, provides for 3-year service in the British Army with a bounty of £3, and for the impressment as soldiers of "all able-bodied idle, and disorderly persons, who could not … prove themselves to … follow some lawful trade or employment".
The Court of Session decides an appeal by slave Joseph Knight which effectively declares that slavery is illegal in Scotland.[2]
First cotton mill in Scotland established at Penicuik.[3]
Inhabited House Tax first imposed.
Highland Society of London established with "the view of establishing and supporting schools in the Highlands and in the Northern parts of Great Britain, for relieving distressed Highlanders at a distance from their native homes, for preserving the antiquities and rescuing from oblivion the valuable remains of Celtic literature, and for promoting the improvement and general welfare of the Northern parts of Great Britain".

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