Jacobite Rising -
Ardchattan men were involved in the informal militia companies

  • Campbell of Achnaba1

17 January 1746 - Twelve companies of the Campbell of Argyll militia, led by John Campbell, 5th Duke of Argyll, fought against the Jacobites at the Battle of Falkirk Muir but were defeated.

On 20 March 1746 a detachment of the Campbell of Argyll militia was defeated at the Skirmish of Keith.

From the 20 March to 3 April 1746, 300 men of the Campbell of Argyll militia helped in the successful defense during the Siege of Fort William.

16 April - Four companies of the Campbell of Argyll militia, commanded by the 5th Duke of Argyll, fought for the British Government at the Battle of Culloden in 1746 where the Jacobites were defeated.
During the battle the Argyll militia delivered devastating musket fire on the right flank of the Jacobite army. Only one member of the Argyll militia was returned as a casualty during the battle; **Captain John Campbell of Achnaba**, who was mortally wounded. (?son of Colin Campbell, minister of Achnaba)

After the Jacobite rising of 1745 was over, both the 4th and 5th Dukes of Argyll used the Campbell of Argyll militia to hunt down the Jacobites.[4] For example the Campbell of Argyll militia took part in the Raids on Lochaber and Shiramore from May to August 1746.[11] However, according to a Campbell historian the Campbell of Argyll militia had behaved with some compassion.[12] The Duke of Argyll was formally congratulated by King George II of Great Britain on the behavior of the Argyll militia.[13]

The Company under Captain Colin Campbell of Ballimore ambushed the Royal Écossais as they were undertaking an orderly retreating following a musket fire exchange with Campbell´s 21st [https://www.stewartsociety.org/history-of-the-stewarts.cfm]

Culloden facebook page

The Campbells were amongst the government’s greatest supporters in the Highlands during 1745–6. They were the richest and most powerful of the clans, with the capacity to raise more than 5000 armed men. Archibald Campbell, the 3rd Duke of Argyll, was a key politician on the government side, as was John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudon, who recruited a large number of clansmen to the Independent Companies of the governmentarmy.Campbells in Loudon’s 64th and the ‘Black Watch’ fought at the battle of Falkirk and defended Fort William. Campbells fought at Culloden for the government as the Argyleshire Men. A number of individual Campbells also fought on the Jacobite side.

At Culloden a group of the Argyleshire Men under Captain Colin Campbell of Ballimore was sent to occupy the Culwhiniac enclosure on the battlefield. They broke down walls to allow the cavalry to cross the field, and ambushed the Jacobites as they retreated. Six Campbells, including Ballimore himself, were killed in this ambush, most apparently shot in the head. This suggests that they were using the wall for protection while firing their muskets – but their heads were still exposed. After Culloden the Campbells in the army were involved in hunting down Jacobites, though Campbell of Airds urged them to avoid excesses of plunder and atrocity. Major General Campbell and a militia force even sailed out to the island of St Kilda in search of Prince Charles. He was not to be found there; the bewildered islanders had never even heard of him. Campbells on the Jacobite side were taken prisoner, some were pardoned and some were transported.

Old Appin account of Culloden - Men of Ardchattan went across Loch Creran, with permission of Campbell of Barcaldine, to join the Jacobite side. It might be that one of the first shots fired in the Jacobite rising, as one of Barcaldine's men was less impressed by these "traitors" and fired over/at the boat as they crossed.

The MacIntyres were urged to fight for the British Forces by the Duke of Argyll, who held influence over the clan. Parts of clan across Scotland, including local Glenoe and Letters familes were more inclined to support the Jacobites, and joined the Appin Stewarts. Some of the higher clan members were involved but as medics. Clan chief James MacIntyre was with the British Army persuaded by his wife, a Campbell, and the fact that Campbell of Breadalbane (and Glenorchy) paid for his legal studies.

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