The 25 March was celebrated as the traditional date of the Scottish New Year until 1599.
Scotland converted in this year to the modern Gregorian Calendar.
The Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar.
England did not adopt the new calendar until the Calendar Act of 1751 was passed, a full 152 years after Scotland.

March 12 – Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, is appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, by Queen Elizabeth I of England.
April 23 – The Earl of Essex arrives in Dublin at the head of 16,000 troops, the largest army ever seen in Ireland.

Expansion of international trade
July – Second Dutch Expedition to Indonesia: A Dutch fleet returns to Amsterdam, carrying 600,000 pounds of pepper and 250,000 pounds of cloves and nutmeg.
September 21 – The first reported performance at the Globe Theatre in London (erected over Spring/Summer), a presentation of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar (probably new to that year), is recorded by Swiss traveller Thomas Platter the Younger.
April 25 – birth Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of England, Scotland, and Ireland (d. 1658)

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